ACHALINUS NIGER

Black Odd-Scaled Snake

標蛇

保育等級: 保育類 (第二級)

無毒

 

相關影片

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更多美圖

野生的標蛇 - 轉自青蛙小站(小勛、小黑攝影)

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家族

黃頷蛇科,Xenoderminae 亞科

Colubridae, subfamily Xenoderminae

 

最大體長 80 cm

 

台灣棲地分布

台灣全島海拔 1000 - 2000 m 之間可見。 (線上分布圖)

 

世界棲地分布

台灣特有種。

 

外觀描述

Small snake; total length up to 80 cm. Whole body is iridescent under light. There are 21-25 (mostly 25 at mid-body) rows of scales, which are smooth in anterior part of body and keeled in posterior one. The scales of an outermost row in upper face of postcloacal region are distinctly enlarged when compared with adjacent scales. Head is small, oval and not distinct from neck; body is slender; tail is moderately short. Eye is small, bead-like; iris is black, indistinct since it blends with dark head and pupil is round, black, and blends with rest of eye. Tongue has reddish stem and diffuse gray fork tips with dark brown base. The frontal scale is slightly broader than long; the parietal is nearly twice as long as broad and contacted posterolaterally by an enlarged paraparietal. Upper head, body and tail is uniform olive (dark-edged in anterior part of scale), grayish tan, or black. There is a dark longitudinal line on mid-dorsal row of scales on body and tail. Ventral surface is olive-yellow (dark-edged in anterior part of scale) or dark gray; the color is slightly darker on tail than on body. Whole body is usually black in the young. Anal scale is entire, and subcaudals are not divided.

 

生態描述

標蛇為夜行性陸棲蛇類,喜歡居住在潮濕的環境,像是山林底層、亂石縫與落葉堆中。以蚯蚓與蛞蝓為主食,也有可能會捕食青蛙。母蛇於春季產下約 7 枚細長形的卵,每枚長寬約 2 x 1 cm。攻擊性弱,甚少有相關的襲擊紀錄。

 

學名與俗名

Achalinus 來自希臘文意義不詳。史氏(Stejneger) 所著的 "日本本土與鄰近區域的兩棲爬蟲(Herpetology of Japan and Adjacent Territory)" 解釋為 "chalinos",意思是"籠頭(套在馬頭上的輔具)"。

niger 則是來自拉丁文是"黑色的"的意思。

標蛇、阿里山脊蛇。

 

附註 ---/--

 

相關連結

Reptile Database

台灣產標蛇屬之親源地理 ( Phylogeography of Odd-scaled Snake Achalinus niger in Taiwan ) - 中山大學生物系碩士論文

一篇敘述古早標蛇的新聞剪報

翻譯:周信甫

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