PLAGIOPHOLIS STYANI

Chinese Mountain Snake

福建頸斑蛇

保育等級: 非保育類

無毒

 

相關影片 ---

 

相關照片 野生的福建頸斑蛇 (網頁網下拉)

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家族

黃頜蛇科,白環蛇亞科

Colubridae, subfamily Lycodontinae

 

最大體長 40 cm

 

台灣棲地分佈

目前只有再陽明山與附近的北橫公路一帶有紀錄,非常罕見。

 

世界棲地分佈

南中國(福建,廣東,廣西,江西,浙江,安徽,四川,甘肅東南),台灣。

 

外觀描述 

Small snake; total length up to 40 cm. There are 15 rows of scales, all are smooth and glossy. Head is oval, with short snout and slightly large rostral (with a blackish spot), and not distinct from neck; body is stout and cylindrical; tail is short. Eye is medium-sized; iris is brown with diffused black pigment, the upper area is dirty white; pupil is round, jet black, surrounded by less distinct or narrow ring of dirty white. Tongue has brown stem and light gray fork tips. There are no loreals. Upper head, body and tail are red brown, olive brown, or green brown, with flecks of pink or black pigment on each scale, especially for those on the flanks of body; upper body and tail have a spotted pattern of black or light yellow. There is a dark and thick cross band on nape. The labials are dirty white to light yellow; the sutures are black. Ventral surface is dirty white to light yellow, speckled with small spots of dark pigment on chin plates, gulars, and sides of ventrals. Anal scale is entire, and subcaudals are paired.

 

生態描述

此夜行性蛇類棲息於海拔500 - 1100公尺的山林底層。牠主要以捕捉蚯蚓與節肢動物維生。母蛇於夏季產下約 5 -11 枚的卵,每枚大約長寬 1.6-1.9 x 0.6-1.1 cm 。福建頸斑蛇會主動利用頭部去挖掘地面。當被人逗弄時,牠並不會試圖咬人,但是會擴張牠的頸部做為威嚇。

本種是"最新的"台灣蛇家族新成員:採自台灣官方紀錄於1999年。

 

學名與俗名

Plagiopholis: 來自希臘文的 plagios 有傾斜的意思, pholis 則是鱗片,合起來比喻鱗片的狀態。

styani: 得自一位英國的茶商兼鳥類學家 Frederick William Styan (1858-1934)。 (更多介紹請看這, p.2)

福建頸斑蛇、頸斑

 

附註 ---

 

相關聯結

一篇來自台灣環境資訊中心的文章

Reptile Database

翻譯:周信甫

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