RHADINOPHIS FRENATUM

Rein Snake

灰腹綠錦蛇

保育等級: 非保育類

無毒

 

相關影片 美麗的灰腹綠錦蛇幼蛇

 

更多美圖

台灣最屌的灰腹綠錦蛇 - 轉自小安Blog

人工飼養的灰腹綠錦蛇

灰腹綠錦蛇相關圖文集

灰腹綠錦蛇飼養介紹

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家族

黃頷蛇科,Colubrinae 亞科

Colubridae, subfamily Colubrinae

 

最大體長 150 cm

 

台灣棲地分布

由於灰腹綠錦蛇數量稀少,且再1996年才首次被人發現在屏東。目前只在東南部海拔 1200 公尺以下有零星的紀錄

 

世界棲地分布

印度(阿薩姆,阿魯納恰爾邦),南中國(西南四川,福建,廣東,廣西,安徽,貴州,浙江,河南,湖南),台灣,北越南。

 

外觀描述

Medium-sized snake; total length up to 150 cm. There are 13-21 (17-19 at mid-body) rows of scales, which are smooth or feebly keeled except those on the flanks. Head is long and slightly triangular, with pointed snout; body is slender and laterally compressed; tail is very long and prehensile. Eye is medium to large; iris is cream to yellow with black pigment anteriorly and posteriorly, and pupil is round, black, with less distinct, narrow ring of light yellow. Tongue is cream to dull red flanked by diffuse white pigment. There are no loreals. Upper head, body and tail are uniform green to dark green. There is usually a black stripe from the nose bypassing the eye to the jaw base; the supralabials are light yellow. Ventral surface is pale green to white, usually more yellow in head and neck; the sides of ventral scales on body and tail are keeled. Anal scale is divided and the subcaudal scales are paired. Coloration of the young does not resemble that of the adult. Upper surface is gray to brown, with light-bordered black stripes on upper head and nape, and may be with oblique, irregular, black crossbars on upper body. Ventral surface of head and the supralabials are whitish but marked with black spots. The majority of ventrals bears two dark lateral spots.

 

生態描述

此日型性蛇類喜歡棲息在竹林、灌木等低矮植物密集處。牠以捕食青蛙、蜥蜴、老鼠與鳥類維生。母蛇於夏季產下一窩 5 枚左右的的蛋。每枚長寬約為 4.5 cm * 1.7 cm 。

灰腹綠錦蛇有很有趣的行進方式:

步驟 1: 前進一小段

步驟 2: 全身僵硬保持上一個姿勢不動

步驟 3: 模仿被風吹動的枝條左右擺動

擺動一陣子再繼續第一歨,然後不斷重複。不過要是受到騷擾會迅速逃離的。

 

學名與俗名

Rhadinophis : 演變自希臘字 "rhadinos" 有苗條、纖細與瘦弱之類的意思。 "ophis" 則是蛇的意思;snake;

"frenatum" 則是來自拉丁文形容牠的黒眉。

灰腹綠錦蛇、灰腹綠樹錦蛇、灰腹綠瘦錦蛇。

 

附註

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相關連結

Mao, J. J., Chu, H. P., Chen, U. C., and Yeh, K. C. 2003. The First Description of Elaphe frenata Gray, 1853 (Colubridae; Squamata) from Taiwan. Coll. and Res. 16: 1-6  - 一篇首次發表描述灰腹綠錦蛇的文章(PDF file)

Reptile Database

Wikispecies

Rhadinophis frenatum - Caresheet

翻譯:周信甫

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